fbpx

Faculty Research Publication

Faculty Research Publication

Conceptualizing Smart Sustainable Cities: Crossing Visions and Utilizing Resources in Africa

Dr. Ahmed Al-Gindy, Eng. Aya Al-Chikh Omar, Eng. Mariam Aerabe
Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Application ( IJACSA)

Year: 2021

Abstract :

Recent advancements in technologies enabled the development of smart cities to be more effective and possible. Smart cities depend on intelligent systems, artificial intelligence, the internet of things, control system, and many more advanced technologies. Sustainability challenges and problems worldwide, with smart and sustainability concepts, reflect almost mutual goals. It includes improving and providing the essential life services for all people efficiently while depending on sustainable, clean, and renewable energy with considerations of different economic, educational, health, social and environmental aspects in the city. In this research, a cost analysis process has been implemented to ease the implementation and resource utilization of smart and sustainable cities in Africa. The challenges and difficulties of those implementations are summarized.

Keywords: smart cities; sustainable energy; renewable energy; Internet of things; Artificial intelligence;

 

Impact of Social Networks in Educational Media

Dr. Khaleel M. Al-Said, Dr. Nidal Al Said2 , Dr.  Ezz Hattab
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
Year: 2021

Abstract :

This study aims to determine whether student participation on Twitter affects academic performance. The key goals of the training course were to acquire social networking knowledge and skills and to learn how to share information, be productive in discussions, and create an interest-based community. The initial sample comprised 286 students from Jordan universities, 68.4% of whom agreed to participate in the study. Undergraduate students accounted for 73.9%, and graduate students accounted for26.1%. Only 14.3% of the students chose the Twitter-based learning model. This is a mixed-methods study that integrates quantitative and qualitative approaches. The undergraduate students were found to tweet more and have more likes, while graduate students had more followers and were following more accounts. Moreover, 21% of the participants were the most active. Spearman’s correlation analysis revealed a connection between participation in social media and student performance. Therefore, the results of this study may help educational professionals and education managers.

Keywords: Educational media, Social networks, Social technology, Twitter, Higher education.

Exploring the Factors Affecting the Behavioral Intention of Visitors in Wine Festival: The Case of China Dalian International Wine and Dine Festival

Dr. Anu Vij
Business Perspectives and Research (BPR)
Year: 2021

Abstract :

Wine-related festivals and events have emerged as a unique tourism product bringing not only economic value but also enhancing the brand image of a destination. China being the third largest wine-consuming country in the world has been organizing wine and food focused festivals which are participated by the residents as well as international visitors. Considering the size and scope of these events in China, this study explores the motivation behind participation in the wine festivals and investigates the influence of motivation factors on the perception of festivals cape, satisfaction, and behavioral intentions. The constructs of the study were framed after a thorough review of the literature. The findings of the study revealed that while primary and secondary motivations have a positive effect on the perception of food and wine, generic features, and fun; only primary motivation has a positive effect on satisfaction, whereas secondary motivation has a negative effect on satisfaction. It was also found that the perception of wine & food and fun has a positive impact on satisfaction, while the perception of generic features has no effect on satisfaction. The behavioral intentions were also found to be positively affected by satisfaction.

Keywords: Wine tourism, wine festivals, foodmotivation, festivalscape, satisfaction, behavioral intention, China, perception

 

Measuring Covid-19 Knowledge, Attitude, And Behavior Of University Students In UAE: The Mediating Role Of Commitment And Communication

Dr. Sadi Taha
Academy of Strategic Management Journal
Year: 2021

Abstract :

Human safety needs careful attention to minimize the risks of the COVID-19 pandemic, which signifies a crucial political, scientific, political, and public health concern across the globe. The purposes of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitude, communication, commitment, and behavioral practices of universities’ students in UAE towards COVID-19, and the influences of the students’ knowledge and attitude towards COVID-19 on their communication, commitment, and behavioral practices using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). In this cross-sectional study, 995 university students in UAE completed an online-based questionnaire. In general, the respondents had good COVID-19 knowledge (71.4%), attitude (70%), behavioral practices (77.2%), and very good commitment (80.4 %)., while communication was moderate (67.6%), and it has been found a significant relationship between student’s knowledge and attitude coupled with their behavioral patterns towards the epidemics and pandemic of COVID-19. There was a significant correlation between the knowledge and attitude of students with their behavior towards COVID-19. Significant relationships were found between the COVID-19 knowledge and attitude of the students with their commitment/communication and between communication and commitment of the students with their behavioral practices. The latter variable acted as partial mediators in the relationships between the students’ knowledge and attitude with their behavioral practices. The results of this study approved that communication and commitment are important variables in COVID-19 management and preparedness to translate the COVID-19 knowledge and attitude into proactive behavioral practices.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Commitment, Communication, Risk management, COVID-19, Structural Equation Modelling.

 
 

The Role of Television Program in Supporting Social Responsibility Analytical Descriptive Study for “Pain and Hope Program” in Al Sharjah Satellite Channel

Dr. Fakhri Abdegder Ali Elfak
International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation
Year: 2021

Abstract :

This study has tried to investigate the role of television programs in supporting the values of social responsibility, shaping the good impression of these satellite channels towards society, achieving its message in serving society’s issues and reflecting successful experiences to challenge difficulties.

Keywords: Television Program, Social Responsibility

 
 

Employing Television Programs in Spreading Environmental Awareness, through Implementation on Estidama Program in Emirate T.V July to October 2018

Dr. Fakhri Abdegder Ali Elfak
International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation
Year: 2020

Abstract :

The various functions of television programs are important information functions that enable it to play its role as a community-based media service, and the function of educational television programs plays a major role in promoting environmental awareness and raising awareness of the most important environmental issues. In this study the researcher has tackled employing TV’s programs in spreading awareness of environmental issues through implementation on Estidama program in Emirate T.V, so as to introduce the experiment of the program, to realize its effect to assume the role of prevailing environmental awareness and to get acquainted of the characteristics of UAE environmental features for it is one of the advanced countries. The researcher also has tried to find solutions of environmental problems and challenges, to know the role of visual media and to employdigital technologies in achieving environmental sustainability. In this study, the researcher has used the descriptive approach using the survey approach by distributing the questionnaire to a number of media and experts to learn about the nature of the program and to collect classify and analyze data in the survey.

Keywords: Television Programs, Spreading Environmental Awareness, Estidama Program.

 
 
 

The Trends of Interactive Radio Program in the Age of Digital Media (Descriptive study, applied on Sudanese Radio, from 2018 -2019)

Dr. Fakhri Abdegder Ali Elfak
International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology
Year: 2020

Abstract :

This study deals with interactive programs in radio. It includes random sample which its size 60 respondents. The study is divided into three chapters; the first is methodological framework; the second is theoretical one which contains the service of interactive programs in radio, while chapter three has addressed field study. The researcher has used analytical descriptive approach, observation and newspaper are the tools used to collect data. The study aims at achieving these objectives:-

  • Realize the characteristics of digital broadcasting comparing with analogue one.
  • Know the type of the service presented by interactive programs in digital radio.

Keywords:

 
 
 
 

ZERO DOWN TIME—SMART DATA GUARD FOR COLLABORATIVE ENTERPRISE DATAWARE SYSTEMS

Dr. Naeem Zafar Azeemi
International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology
Year: 2020

Abstract :

COVID-19 initial surge at Wuhan, China brought the pivotal role of virtual enterprise data ware houses in Supply Chain Management (SCM), eventually became a major drive momentum towards Always Available Always Online (A3O) heterogeneous data networks. Reliable and tightly coupled information deluge in the unprecedented trends toward the smart city development as well as deployment of adhoc huge Disaster Management Center (DMC), as regional Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to name a few; are prone to issues on stability, reliability and availability. Smart data storage resources are vulnerable to provide functionality due to their inherent heavy dependence on System Down Time, Redundant Systems and Software Failure or whole multiple site failures.

Keywords:

 
 
 
 

Hybrid Data Protection Framework to Enhance A2O Functionality in Production Database Virtualization

Dr. Naeem Zafar Azeemi
International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE)
Year: 2020

Abstract :

Deluge of information flows in the unprecedented scenario of smart city development trend, hence prone to issues on stability, reliability and availability. Smart data storage resources are vulnerable to provide functionality Always Available Online (A2O) due to their inherent heavy dependence on System Down Time (SDT), Redundant Systems and Software Failure (RS2F) or whole/ multiple site failures. In the absence of Production Database Management Services (PDMS), duplicate deployment of similar data on disjoint but similar architecture provides a Tightly Coupled Ultimate System (TCUS), which assures A2O mutually exclusive services. In this paper, we investigated active Data Guard (aDG) and Data Guard (DG) role management or switchover for a real time transition performed for database at standby state to cope up both planned maintenance and accidental RS2F events. We expose our results for deep integration of aDGs with ODB in-terms of Fast Sync to align synchronously at an ease of zero of wait states for disk I/O and configurability to Null Data Loss (NDL). Over a large range of remote or standby databases NDL make it certain to zero failover. The impact of aDG Fast-Start Failover in the cloud proximity make sure guaranteed NDL in synchronously and near NDL protection asynchronously. Hence, avoids unusual overhead impeding disk I/O and eventually on a primary database. We observe the key performance indicator in failover does not restart the standby database for primary role resumption, but introduce cloud proximity as a new primary database and the process is performed without any intervention of manual migration. The reliability of aDG Redo is flexible across not only standby databases but also primary sites running different operating system over diverse hardware platforms. The Redo capability enables migration with minimal downtime for any transaction in the clouds, therefore adds an inevitable functionality to big data applications.

Keywords: Active Data Guard, Smart Data Storage, Cloud Applications, Fault Tolerant, Smart City

 
 
 

Customer-in-Loop Adaptive Supply Chain Migration Model to Enable IoT

Dr. Naeem Zafar Azeemi
International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE)
Year: 2020

Abstract :

Poised to smart citizenry engagement, an unprecedented deluge of high quality streaming services induce a major data traffic challenge in Fourth Generation (4G) bandwidth and coverage, the upcoming smart city expectations cannot be ignored, eventually. The bottlenecks in ever exploiting benefits such as e-Life, to name a few at Mobile Equipment Providers (MEP) tiers, are complemented at Device Dependent Device Independent (D3I) configurations inherent at various tiers of Mobile Service Providers (MSP). While enabling a Supply Chain Management (SCM) augments a unique system support involving the MSPs and MEPs for desired Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Ad hoc Resource Planning (ARP), which we found prevalent in migration scenario from 4G to 5G technology deployment. Despite its complexity both in term of one-to-many and many-to-one across diverse MSP and MEP options, SCM operational objectives sets forth a unique challenge, hence is the main objective for our work presented here. In this paper, we presented a framework to enhance the 4G legacy in mobile service provider capacity for smart city Machine-to-Machine (M2M) backbone. The migration process is assessed with proposed strategic, technical and operational indicators, which demonstrate its adaptability and flexibility while integrating in conventional 4G deployments, especially taking into account radio devices and applications. Web-enabled Software Define Radio devices and applications are used to index the migration cost and support SCM planning and execution. We identify, the decentralization of mobile service providers infrastructure plays a major role in reducing the embedded complexity which often appears as primary bottleneck. MSP as a key player in the elasticity of migration, we presented a platform to support large as well as low MEP-MSP co-deployments. Pareto multi-criteria optimization is used to find the strategic indicators which are primary Transformation Steering Factors (TSF), valid in both device dependent or device independent M2M migration. We expose our result for achieving TSF, while rolling interoperability and reconfiguration of device deployed in a typical volatile inter-MSP or intra-MSPs tiers. Pareto Migration Indicators (MI) are optimized successively progressing across the transformation schemes; relative to base-line MSP services, hence enabling a lucrative choice while elasticity of provider-centric cost depends adaptively on technology legacy and M2M access of User Equipment (UE).

Keywords: Supply Chain Management (SC M), IP Networks, IoT, Adaptive Optimization, Smart City

 
 
 

Factors Affecting Mobile Learning Acceptance in Higher Education: An Empirical Study

Dr. Nahil Abdallah
(IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications,
Year: 2021

Abstract :

The use of mobile tools to support learning and teaching activities has become a significant part of the informal learning process. Mobile learning (M-learning) is used to considerably develop the forms of learning activities made by learners, and support the learning process. The effective application of M-learning in higher educational institutions, however, is based on the learners’ adoption. It is therefore essential to define and investigate the factors affecting the desire of learners to use and adopt M-learning. Thus, this research investigates the factors affecting students’ intention to adopt M- learning in institutions of higher education. To achieve the objectives of this research, a model is proposed based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model and the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The instrument is developed using validated items from previous studies and shreds of literature. Data for this quantitative study are collected from undergraduate and postgraduate students. A Structural Equation Model (SEM) is used to analyze the data collected from 218 participants using a survey questionnaire. The findings show that students’ intention to adopt M-learning is shaped by various variables consisting of personnel innovativeness, self-management, facilitating conditions, social influence, relative advantage, and effort expectancy. The research results also present several practical contributions and implications for M-learning adoption in terms of research and practice. Investigation of the required determinants may contribute to gain learners’ adoption and is important to enhance the learning experience of students and help them improve their knowledge and academic achievement. The contribution of this paper lies in defining the factors influencing the acceptance and use of M-learning systems by students of higher education in Palestine. Hopefully, the results of the study are valuable for policy-makers in designing comprehensive M-learning systems.

Keywords: Mobile learning; UTAUT; structural equation modeling; tam; technology acceptance

 
 
 

JOB SATISFACTION AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT. A CASE STUDY: PROFESSORS AND ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF OF THE ALDAR UNIVERSITY COLLEGE

Dr. Nagaraju Velde
Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation
Year: 2021

Abstract :

Job satisfaction and organizational commitment that play a very important role in the growth and survival of organizations and reduce delays and layoffs of employees and increase the level of efficiency and effectiveness in organizations. The study, entitled “Investigating the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment from the Perspective of Professors and Administrative Staff of the ALDAR University college is a descriptive –correlation al study. Its main purpose was to study the relations hip between job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The results of the research show that the majority of the employees of this institution are satisfied with their work; but They are not satisfied with the behavior and attitude of the supervisors. . The results showed that the majority of the faculty and staff of this organization are below the level of job satisfaction (supervisors, growth opportunities and payments) and are below the level of continuous commitment. Regarding the hypotheses, the research showed that there is no relationship between the nature of work and emotional commitment. There is a significant relationship between the behavior of supervisors and normative commitment. There is no significant relationship between employee behavior and normative commitment. There is a significant and positive relationship between growth opportunities and pay and continuous commitment. There is a positive and significant relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment of the professors and staff of the ALDAR University College. On the contrary, the majority of the employees of this institution read the behavior of their colleagues as friendly and satisfied. The majority of the employees of this organization have said that there is no suitable opportunity for growth and promotion. The majorities of the employees of this institution are interested in this organization and consider the problems of the organization as their problems;

Keywords: Job satisfaction, organizational commitment and ALDAR University College.

 
 

Foodborne diseases risk factors associated with food safety knowledge and practices of women in Sharjah-United Arab Emirate

Dr. Sadi Taha
Food Control
Year: 2021

Abstract :

Foodborne diseases are a worldwide public health issue, as they are responsible for large cases of sickness, deaths, and high financial losses. The objective of the current study was to identify the knowledge, practices, and risk factors of women in Sharjah-United Arab Emirates that can lead to foodborne diseases. The study was a cross-sectional survey, a total of 656 respondents completed a food safety questionnaire from January until April 2020. The total score of food safety knowledge, practices, and risk factors of participants in Sharjah was good (57.4%). In “cross-contamination” and “recognizing of foodborne diseases” sections, the respondents showed a high scale of knowledge and practices (80.0%). The respondents had good knowledge of “food purchasing” (67.5%), “cleaning and personal hygiene” (62.9%), and “food storage” (61.1%) aspects. Even though they lack knowledge of “cooking and food consumption” (28.0%) and “risk factors of foodborne disease” (20.0%), this indicated that the respondents might be under risk of food poisoning. There was a statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05) link between overall food safety knowledge and practices of participants with employment status and educational levels. To our knowledge, this is the first study to explore food safety knowledge, practices, and risk factors of women in Sharjah-United Arab Emirates that can lead to foodborne diseases. Design new food safety education programs for women and motivating women to participate in these programs is suggested.

Keywords: Food handling, Personal hygiene, Foodborne diseases, Cross contamination,
Cleaning, and sanitation, Temperature abuse

 

 

Using Playability Heuristics to Evaluate Player Experience In Educational Video Games

Dr. Amer Ibrahim
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Educational video games (EVG) provide a rich platform to improve the Player Experience (PX), and constitute some of the main edutainment applications currently in the market. However, the evaluation of video games as educational tools is very difficult due to their dual nature (fun and education). In some cases, PX (as an usability measure) is a very important aspect of the EVGs and is a good measure of the level of fun and education presented to players. Educational Playability (playability in EVG) attributes are a suitable and effective tool to analyze and measure the experience obtained by a player during a game. To this end, it is necessary to evaluate the playability to determine the degree of improvement in PX. Playability evaluation through different methods is one of the major topics of PX in video games. In this paper, we present a new approach to evaluate the PX by using the educational playability.

Keywords: Heuristics, Player Experience PX, Playability, Educational Video Game EVG.

 

 

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-4wt. %Cu – (2.5-10) vol. % SiC Nanocomposites Produced by Powder Compact Extrusion.

Dr. Amro AK Gazawi
PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Ball milling is used to produce Al-4wt. %Cu- (2.5-10) vol. % SiC nanocomposites, in which Al, Cu and nano-powder SiC used to produce the nano-powder. The produced nano- powder was consolidated by using powder compact extrusion process. The characterization of the produced bars was done by using tensile testing and electron microscopy. The ultimate tensile strength and hardness was enhanced significantly from 104HV and 168MPa to 153HV and 400 MPA when SiC nanoparticles volume fraction increased to 5% from 2.5%. On other hand, due to the agglomerate of the SiC nanoparticles the ductility decreased from 6.8% to 2%.

Keywords: Aluminium nanocomposite, mechanical properties, microstructure

 

 

The Impact of Organizational Politics On Employees Performance in Jordan

Dr. Ahmad Albloush
JOURNAL OF CRITICAL REVIEWS
Year: 2020

Abstract:

This study explores the effect of organizational politics (OP) on employees’ performance. This study uses data from employees’ performance in 22 directorates of regions in the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM), Jordan. Data collected through face to face interviews with 11 heads of the administrative sections in directorates of regions in GAM. The interview results show that there are many employees their performance is weak or unsatisfactory. This weak performance is due to the negative side of OP, where almost all respondents pointed that OP practice in wide spread at GAM because many employees, especially those who are in good position, exploit their positions to achieve personal interests, or to satisfy their bosses in order to attend some particular training, which makes employees feel that the work environment is unfair and unjust. Limitation and future research are also provided.

Keywords: Employee Performance, Organizational Politics (OP), GAM

 

 

Taming Wasta through Training Opportunities in Jordan

Dr. Ahmad Albloush
Asian Journal of Business and Accounting
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Manuscript type: Research paper Research aims: This study examines the effects of Wasta on job performance in Greater Amman Municipality (GAM), Jordan. It also evaluates the mediating effect of perceived training opportunities (PTO) between Wasta and job performance. Design/Methodology/Approach: A total number of 344 usable questionnaires were collected from employees working at GAM in 22 different regions in Jordan. Research findings: The results indicate that Wasta has a negative effect on job performance. The results also show that PTO partially mediates the relationship between Wasta and job performance. Theoretical contribution/Originality: The research findings enrich our understanding of the impact of Wasta practice on job performance in the public service of Jordan. The findings of this study expand on the existing literature on business relationships. Practitioner/Policy implication: The findings of this study provide insights into how managers at GAM can enhance the performance of employees and gain citizens’ satisfaction. This can be done by reducing or eliminating Wasta and avoiding the use of Wasta when nominating employees for training programmes. Research limitation/Implications: The scope of this study is limited to only one governmental service organisation, specifically GAM, in Jordan.

Keywords: Job Performance, Wasta, Perceived Training Opportunities (PTO), GAM

 

 

A Scatter Search Hybrid Approach for Team Orienteering Problem

Dr. Hamzah Alkhazaleh
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Year: 2020

Abstract:

The Team Orienteering Problem (TOP) is a particular vehicle routing problem in which the aim is to search a fixed number of paths that maximize the scores associated with a set of given locations within a limited time. Scatter Search explores a search space of solutions systematically by evolving a small set of reference solutions. It has strategies for diversification (in diversification generation and subset generation methods); and intensification (in the improvement and updating method). However, all these methods are very time consuming. This paper proposes a scatter search hybrid approach (SSHA) to deal with the TOP by reduce processing time and maintaining a good set of references solutions in terms of diversity and quality. It uses some new operators, called reference set queen bee-method to initializing and updating the RefSet, and greedy select parents to selecting pairs from a reference set for the combination method to generate a new solution. Furthermore, to improve the quality of the solution, a local search is employed, called steepest descent to explore neighborhood in a fully deterministic manner and then selects the best neighbour. Experiments conducted on the standard benchmark of TOP clearly show that proposed approach outperforms the solving methods in the scientific literature. Our algorithm detects all but one of the best known solutions. A statistical test was conducted to determine the algorithm that performed better compared with the others. The results revealed that SSHA outperformed all state-of-the-art algorithms and was comparable to one algorithm

Keywords: Optimization, Metaheuristic, Team Orienteering Problem, Scatter Search Algorithm, Local Search.

 

 

Enhance Confidentiality by the Usage of a Database Management Framework Features to Facilitate Applications Integration

Dr. Hena Iqbal
International Journal on Emerging Technologies
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Links to and integrate data gathered in different countries through international research collaborations. Data managers ought to track who seems to have the access to their servers and whether it is used for various reasons, e.g. Legislature. The data processing is conducted in mathematical applications, and is normally stacked on peak of the data handling framework, example: a data base management system(DBMS), the data analysis is carried out. File Sharing is often managed by the DBMS, whereas statistical analysis is normally managed by another program. To improve efficiency, we suggest an innovative framework for the completion of quantitative study on information put in a DBMS. By calling statistical applications We implemented a system for the implementation of research groups, SAS out of a hierarchical DBMS IBM DB2 over data contained in DB2 database. The research explains the architect design suggested, and the implementation done. Data incorporated and operated by DBMS (Database Management System). The statistically oriented program is named out of the DBMS in the proposed architecture that controls the data that has been implemented. The DBMS ‘builtin privacy security strategies are used to track all access to integrated data as well as calls to computational application conducting data analysis. Through data acquisition, data is moved from multiple individual data holders to a common position where the acquisition exists. The data owners will be forced to monitor who is processing their data and how it is analyzed. It involves remotely analyzing integrated data on a remote analytics server in a managed manner, because monitoring analyzes which is inefficient to move consolidated data to researchers’ computers. Additionally, common programs for illnesses have insufficient funding over integrated data to build their remote infrastructures. We’ve introduced the SAQeL protocol, SQL Statistical Analysis. SAQeL supports in learning how the statistical program from a Relational DBMS (RDBMS) is difficult to use. The system provides an app for calling the RDBMS IBM DB2 predictive program SAS [5][6]. This was based on an epidemiological analysis of cervical cancer. The core conclusion we can draw from those in its concept even though it’s simple incorporate a request framework from an RDBMS, such as IBM DB2, to analytical applications, such as SAS. The second move is to implement a fully featured GUI to report study findings to participants, that are mostly various tables and photos. One of the most challenges which we faced is how to secure the application integration which has communication with the database which was not covered in the previous papers.

Keywords: DBMS, Database Server, infectious disease, SQL, Statistical Software, VPD

 

 

Sustainable governance in smart cities and use of supervised learning based opinion mining

Dr. Hena Iqbal
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Evaluation is an analytical and organized process to figure out the present positive influences, favourable future prospects, existing shortcomings and ulterior complexities of any plan, program, practice or a policy. Evaluation of policy is an essential and vital process required to measure the performance or progression of the scheme. The main purpose of policy evaluation is to empower various stakeholders and enhance their socio-economic environment. A large number of policies or schemes in different areas are launched by government in view of citizen welfare. Although, the governmental policies intend to better shape up the life quality of people but may also impact their every day’s life. A latest governmental scheme Saubhagya launched by Indian government in 2017 has been selected for evaluation by applying opinion mining techniques. The data set of public opinion associated with this scheme has been captured by Twitter. The primary intent is to offer opinion mining as a smart city technology that harness the user-generated big data and analyse it to offer a sustainable governance model.

Keywords: Opinion mining Policy evaluation Scheme Twitter

 

 

Determinants of M-Commerce Adoption: An Empirical Study

Dr. Nahil Abdallah
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Year: 2020

Abstract:

M-commerce has very rapidly developed into a very powerful way of reaching out to the consumer. Mcommerce has been a massive success in terms of users’ adoption in some markets like Japan, while, astonishingly, not as thriving in others. However, its acceptance and level of adoption are low in Palestine compared to other countries. The research main objective is to classify the key variables that influence the acceptance of M-commerce among higher education students in Palestine by developing an M-commerce adoption Model based on an extension of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). A total of 430 questionnaires were collected and analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique. The findings revealed that perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, personnel innovation, security and privacy, subjective norms, and perceived trust are found to have an important effect on consumer behavioral intention to adopt M-commerce. These results will benefit stakeholders involved in Mcommerce activities such as service providers, retailers, consumers, academicians, and students.

Key words: M-Commerce, TAM, Personnel Innovativeness, Perceived ease of use, Perceived usefulness, Subjective norms, perceived security risk

 

 

Information Security Awareness Behavior Among Higher Education Students: Case Study

Dr. Nahil Abdallah
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Year: 2020
Abstract:

The exchange of information is a key factor in the daily use of technology. Studies in computer security education, awareness-raising, and training among college students are limited. Most of the research focuses on computer security standards and guidance in organizational contexts. Few studies have analyzed the predictors of the adoption of computer security practices by college students. The objective of this research is to explore information security awareness among higher education students and exam key variables that are influencing this behavior. A total of 180 questionnaires were collected from undergraduate students at ALDAR University College and analyzed using the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique. The findings revealed that perceived usefulness, subjective norms, self-efficacy, and the quality of the security system are found to have an important effect on student behavioral awareness of security. The findings of this research will help to develop a clear understanding of the factors that affect students’ security awareness behavior. The findings of the study can be used to either refute or strengthen the theories or framework that has been adopted. The findings might also contribute to the literature on security behavior and awareness in general. Findings suggest that the proposed research model is a valuable model for predicting students’ attitudes towards information security and that their motivation is influenced by education in security awareness and understanding the severity of such issues. Moreover, the outcome of this research will lead to more awareness programs that can be used to promote privacy and security protection behaviors of information security.

Key words: Security Usefulness, Self-Efficacy, Subjective Norms, Security System Quality, Security
Awareness.

 

 

The effect of mandatory CSR disclosure on firms: empirical evidence from UAE

Dr. Najeb Masoud
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering
Year: 2020

Abstract:

his purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that affect the mandatory disclosure of corporate social responsibility (CSR) among firms listed on the Emirates Securities Market of UAE (ESM). These factors include the following: corporate ownership, financial performance, board size, corporate visibility and gender diversity. Since 2017, firms listed on the SET have been required to disclose CSR activities in either an annual registration statement or a separate report called a sustainability report. The data analysis was conducted using econometrics regression models based on the sample consists of 62% manufacturing, 28% financial and insurance, and 10% other firms. The results revealed that the impact of research factors on CSR disclosure is not significant. Accordingly, the government ownership has a significant impact on mandatory CSR disclosure. The findings support the stakeholder theory that firms to carry out CSR activities in order to enhance stakeholders’ perception of financial performance and the firm’s ability. In this context, UAE, stakeholders influence significant determinants of the mandatory CSR disclosure. The paper contributes to the understanding of determinants of mandatory CSR disclosure and offers findings which are potentially useful for both theory and practice to other developing or emerging economies that have similar economic and financial structure.

Keywords: Mandatory CSR disclosure; annual report; stakeholder theory; UAE

 

 

Challenges and Opportunities of Distance Learning During Covid-19 In UAE

Dr. Najeb Masoud
Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal
Year: 2020

Abstract:

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected educational systems not just in UAE, but globally as well, where the total number of 1.725 billion students had been affected by the closure of schools and higher education institutions on April 15, 2020. Due to the characteristics of educational settings in UAE, it has recommended and further adopted the use of distance learning programs and open educational application and platforms that support affected students and families. For educational practices and distance learning in areas that are affected with COVID-19 predicaments, urgently required teaching students in many ways with technology and online platforms under the umbrella of “distance learning” or “remote teaching”. The present research paper endeavor to explore the alternative solutions recommend imparting essential knowledge about COVID-19, its details guidelines, and how educational practices is affected in the areas, such as, UAE. Explore how it can respond to future challenges. The research paper further reviews the present practices in the curriculum and make it more responsive to the learning experiences outside needs of the students to take the responsibility for their learning even beyond the conventional classrooms.

Keywords: COVID-19, Education System, Curriculum, Distance Learning, Environmental Economic and Health Education.

 

 

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Case Study in UAE and Community Expectations

Dr. Najeb Masoud
2ND International Conference on Social Sciences in the 21ST Century
Year: 2020

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to provide a practical review of topical developments in corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices under the influence of UAE community expectations. To investigate the concept of CSR in UAE, this paper primarily draws on secondary sources including extant literature on CSR practices, government reports, industry reports, companies’ CSR/sustainability reports, newspaper articles, and publications of international agencies. The findings of this paper reveal that the concept of CSR is relatively underdeveloped in UAE. There is a general perception among community expectations and business practitioners in UAE that CSR relates to altruism or philanthropic activities. However, only few large local companies and multinational enterprises hold a well-defined CSR policy. Small and medium enterprises limit their CSR engagement to comply with codes of conduct set by foreign purchasers. The discussion in this paper is based on the secondary data; therefore, the empirical research is needed to validate the findings of this study. Further, this research presents a generic reflection about how CSR is practiced and perceived in UAE community expectations. Thus, the limited number of researches in UAE on CSR provides opportunity for further research in different theoretical perspectives and sectors.

Keywords: Corporate social responsibility (CSR); Review paper; Community expectations; Social sustainability; United Arab Emirates (UAE)

 

 

Structural modelling of relationships between food safety knowledge, attitude, commitment and behavior of food handlers in restaurants in Jebel Ali Free Zone, Dubai, UAE

Dr. Sadi Taha
Food Control
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Food safety issues need careful attention from managers in foodservice establishments to minimize risks on consumers’ health, tourism and the economy. The purposes of the current study were to appraise food safety knowledge, attitude, commitment and behavior levels of food handlers in restaurants in Jebel Ali, Dubai, United Arab Emirates and the influences of the food safety knowledge and attitude on employee commitment and, ultimately, on food safety behavior of food handlers. A paper-based survey questionnaire of food safety knowledge, attitude, commitment and behavior was completed by a total of 378 food handlers employed at 75 restaurants. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to evaluate the collected data for meaningful outcomes. The results showed that the food handlers have very good food safety knowledge (89.5%), excellent attitude (95.7%), commitment (91.9%), and behavior (93%).The relationships between food safety knowledge and attitude with food handler commitment and the relationship between food handler commitment and behaviors were positive and significant. Furthermore, a medium correlation between attitude towards food safety and resultant behavior of food handlers was confirmed. Food handler commitment acts as a partial mediator in the relationships between each of food safety knowledge, food safety attitude, and behavior. Management should focus on food handler commitment drivers, to translate the knowledge and attitude into actual behavior and practice.

Keywords: Food safety Training Foodservice establishments Management Structural equation modelling

 

 

Food safety knowledge among food handlers in food service establishments in United Arab Emirates

Dr. Sadi Taha
Food Control
Year: 2020

Abstract:

Food safety knowledge among 646 food handlers in 88 food service establishments in United Arab Emirates was evaluated. Total food safety knowledge of food handlers was good (70%). The “cross contamination” and “food poisoning symptoms” aspects scored the highest and the lowest percentages of correct answers (76% and 66%), respectively. Half of the respondents knew the correct procedures of cleaning and sanitizing food contact surfaces and about half of the respondents identified wrong food poisoning symptoms. There was significant (P < 0.05) association between total food safety knowledge and food handlers’ age, experience, education, and enrollment in food safety training. Enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of training including training materials and delivery is suggested.

Keywords: Food service establishments Personal hygiene Cross contamination Temperature abuse Training Survey

 

TOOL FOR DIFFERENT WATERMARKING APPLICATIONS USING LOW AND HIGH DCT FREQUENCIES

Dr. Ahmed Al-Gindy
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Year 2017, Volume: 12, Issue 18,
Pages: 7442-7448
Research India Publications.

Abstract

This paper presents a tool for different applications digital watermarking of still colour images. The aim of the scheme is to protect the copyright information or to proof the identity by authenticating the image. In general, all watermarking schemes satisfy only one application. However, the proposed algorithm permits users to use the system for both copyright protection and authentication purposes, even though, both purposes have opposing functions. For instance, watermarking techniques used for copyright protection are meant to be robust and strong against watermark impairment even with massive alterations, whereas watermarking techniques utilized for authentication purposes should be fragile and easily impaired via simple modifications. Nevertheless, any of the aforementioned applications can be selected through one system depending on user’s protection means.

Keywords: watermarking, digital image processing, discrete cosine transform, copyright, authentication, medical images

 

DIGITAL IMAGE WATERMARKING TECHNIQUE FOR BIG SIZE WATERMARKS AND HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGES USING DISCRETE COSINE TRANSFORM

Dr. Ahmed Al-Gindy
International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering,
Year 2017, Volume: 6, Issue 6,
Pages: 306-315
Inderscience Publishers

Abstract:

The capability of any watermarking system to hide large or small amounts of data while maintaining the robustness and quality is an important challenge in watermarking. The proposed algorithm can store hidden watermarking information up to 25% of the host image size. This means that it can also be an extremely robust technique when working with high-resolution images. The green channel of the RGB model has been used to host the watermark by modifying the very low-frequency coefficients of the discrete cosine transform transformation. The used frequency coefficients are predefined after a process of zigzag patterns. The new technique can resist classical attacks such as JPEG compression, low-pass filtering, median filtering and geometric attacks such as, cropping, rotation, affine and scaling. The method has been applied to high-resolution images that have been found to be extremely robust against attacks. The recovery method is blind because it does not need the original host image for extraction. The simulation results show that the proposed watermarking technique outperforms many other existing techniques.

Keywords: blind; discrete cosine transform (DCT); high capacity; high resolution; RGB; watermarking.

 

EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT FREQUENCY DOMAIN TRANSFORMATION ON DIGITAL IMAGE WATERMARKING

Dr. Ahmed Al-Gindy
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Year 2016, Volume: 11, Issue 13,
Pages: 8080-8084
Research India Publications.

Abstract

This paper studies the different aspects of three implemented watermarking algorithms to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each. To achieve a fair comparison, the same host image and watermark are used to test each algorithm while changing the frequency domain transformation. The three algorithms used are blind and do not require the original image for extracting the watermark. PSNR and the structural similarity index measurement (SSIM) between the host image and the watermarked image are used. The quality of the reconstructed signature was evaluated using normalized correlation. The performance of each algorithm is compared to one another.

Keywords: Image processing; DCT; DWT; Watermarking

 

EVALUATION TOOL FOR GENERATING ATTACKS ON WATERMARKING ALGORITHMS

Dr. Ahmed Al-Gindy
IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security
Year 2016, Volume: 16, Issue 6,
Pages: 27-33
IJCSNS

Abstract

A new evaluation tool for generating attacks on watermarking algorithms is proposed. The tool is implemented for digital still images but additional attacks for audio or video can be added in the test environment continuously. The implemented tool is comprised of 23 different attacks using a graphical user interface (GUI) to open, select, attack, evaluate, and display the results of both the original and attacked image in ease. It permits user to select any desirable image and perform all aforementioned attacks simultaneously allowing the user to enter or select attack strength parameters. User can also select individual modified images and perform any required changes to the attacked image by adjusting parameters without affecting other attacked images in the scheme. The execution process is performed at a high speed. The tool is much easier for end-users to understand and learn than other traditional tools that need commands to be known or memorized.

Keywords: Image Processing; Watermarking; Attacks; GUI;

 

DO BIG 4 AUDITORS IMPROVE THE ABILITY OF GOODWILL TO FORECAST FUTURE CASH FLOWS? THE MALAYSIAN EVIDENCE

Ahmad Al-Hiyari, Rohaida Abdul Latif, Noor AfzaAmran
Corporate Ownership and Control
Year 2016, Volume: 13, Issue 3,
Pages: 164-172
VIRTUS Enterpress

Abstract

The accounting rules prescribed in Malaysian Financial Reporting Standard (MFRS) 3, Business
combination, and (MFRS) 136, Impairment of Assets, give managers considerable reporting
discretion in allocating goodwill and estimating its actual value. Agency theory predicts that
managers may use the accounting discretion granted by the new rules to pursue their own
interests at the expense of shareholders. Hence, auditors are required to exercise professional
judgement when investigating hard-to-verify management assumptions and valuations. We
exploit this issue by examining whether predictive ability of goodwill improved in the presence
of Big 4 auditors. We provide evidence that goodwill has a significant predictive ability for
second and third-year ahead cash flows which exists only in the firms audited by the large
international reputable accounting firms. This suggests that Big 4 auditors play an important
role in ensuring appropriate implementation of the present accounting for goodwill.

Keywords: Audit Quality, Emerging Markets, Goodwill Impairment, Cash Generating Units, Fair Values, Recoverable Amount, Value In Use

 

GOODWILL IMPAIRMENT: AN EXAMINATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER TENURE IN MALAYSIA

Al-Hiyari, Ahmad; Latif, Rohaida Abdul; Amran, Noor Afza
Advanced Science Letters,
Year 2016, Volume: 22, Issue 5-6,
Pages: 13-56-1359
American Scientific Publishers

Abstract:

Accounting for purchased goodwill has changed from amortisation to impairment approach. The standard setters argue that the impairment-only approach will better reflect the underlying economic attributes of goodwill. However, due to the great subjectivity involved in fair values estimate, the impairment approach is susceptible to manipulation. We examine the influence of chief executive officer (CEO) tenure on the amount of goodwill impairment for a sample of 727 companies listed on Bursa Malaysia from years 2011 to 2012. Our empirical results are contradictory to previous research findings that CEOs with shorter tenure are insignificantly associated with magnitude of goodwill impairment. Further analysis reveals that new CEOs are associated with a greater magnitude of impairments only when earnings are positive. The result is consistent with the premise of new CEOs involving in income smoothing, where the incentives to expense goodwill is greatest for profitable firms.

Keywords: Accounting Discretion; CEO Tenure; Corporate Governance; Fair Value; Goodwill Impairment

 

THE VALUE RELEVANCE OF PURCHASED GOODWILL IN MALAYSIAN FIRMS: THE PRE- AND POST-IFRS EVIDENCE

Al-Hiyari, Ahmad; Latif, Rohaida Abdul; Amran, Noor Afza
International Journal of Business Research 
Year 2016, Volume: 16, Issue 3,
Pages: 69-80
International Academy of Business and Economics (IABE)

Abstract

Following the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Malaysia, the accounting for goodwill has changed from systematic amortisation to a method based solely on periodic impairment testing. The objective of the impairment test is to ensure that reported goodwill does not have carrying amount in excess of its recoverable amount. Nevertheless, many critics suggest that the new method may allow managements to engage in opportunistic earnings manipulation activities. In this study, we examine the question of whether goodwill is more value relevant after adoption of an IFRS in Malaysia. Using panel data of non-financial firms listed on the Bursa Malaysia over the period from 2002 to 2010, we find evidence that goodwill is not value relevant in either the pre-and post IFRS periods. These findings are in line with the opponents of the new standards, who claim that, the use Fair Value Accounting (FVA) in the reporting of goodwill increases the opportunities for managerial opportunisms. Therefore, the consequences FVA devoid of relevant information for shareholders. We conclude that the existence of an unfavorable environments in Malaysia impedes efficient implementation of the new impairment regime.

 

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REFORMS IN MALAYSIA

Ahmad Al-Hiyari
Journal of Governance and Regulation
Year 2017, Volume: 6, Issue 1,
Pages: 38-44
VIRTUS Enterpress

Abstract:

Following the East-Asian financial crisis in 1997 and the corporate accounting scandals, the shareholder’s confidence in the audited financial statements was adversely affected and regulators started to think seriously reforming the existing corporate governance practices. As a result, numerous initiatives were implemented to accelerate improvement of corporate governance practices. One of these initiatives was the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG). The code was derived from the approach applied by the British Hampel Committee, which attempt to mitigate the agency problem between corporate managers and outside owners. This study suggests that the British approach is unsuitable to Malaysian business environment. Particularly, the MCCG that had been lunched since 2011 ignore the uniqueness of Malaysia’s capital market, regulation environment and ownership structure. Therefore, the study recommends that policy makers and other regulators should consider the local business environment when establishing future code on corporate governance.

Keywords: Agency Problem, Codes of Good Governance, Malaysia

 

DUBAI EXPO 2020 – EXPLORING THE DRIVERS IMPACTING SUSTAINED CHANGES IN UAE ECONOMY

AnuVij
Research Journal of Economics & Business Studies
Year 2016, Volume: 5, Issue 9,
Pages: 1-4
The International Journal Research Publications

Abstract:

Dubai let out a whoop of joy on being chosen the official host of EXPO 2020, thus ending months of speculation, anxiety and curiosity of all concerned. While the tiniest of doubts as to the result of this most awaited and abetted race were being squashed; a new series of concerns and meditation were germinating throughout the business community. The scope and scale of events that would necessarily follow in the aftermath of this historic moment are worth pondering upon.Among the opportunities and facilities that present a wide array of possibilities and promises, a few are coined such as a trade boosting strategic connect between the East and West; an international airport thrumming with commercial/ non commercial flight; opening of the brand new Al Maktoum International Airport etc.Barring a few exceptions, such events in the past generally have had a significant impact on the host countries’ economic climate and therefore remain a major area of concern.In this articlewe discuss the effect of EXPO 2020’s on certain sectors of UAE that are critical to its progress and how that will further impact the economic climate of this country. The forthcoming event heralds key changes in the realestate, trade and commerce, hospitality and infrastructure sectorswhich will eventually prove drivers of growth and development in UAE.

Key words: EXPO 2020, Dubai, Expo

 

HYUNDAI SANTA FE IN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: MARKET SEGMENTATION IN A NEWER CONTEXT

AnuVij
Research Journal of Social Science and Management
Year 2016, Volume: 6, Issue 3,
Pages: 121-130
The International Journal Research Publications

Abstract

Companies, all over the world have been focussed on customer-centric product development. They
conduct market research, surveys, spend significant amount on understanding the customers’ latent
needs. In this case study, the author while briefing about the Hyundai’s way of conducting an
ethnographic study in North America, presents the challenges for the company in a new market place –
United Arab Emirates (UAE). The article brings forth a discussion on the company’s background,
product development, STP (market segmentation, targeting, positioning), prevailing competition,
issues and constraints in a new market place. The article is useful for the marketing practitioners and
scholars to gain insights on creating marketing plans with regard to a new market place.

Key words: Santa Fe, Hyundai, UAE, Market segmentation, targeting, positioning

 

MARKETING ETHICS AND RELATIONSHIP MARKETING-AN EMPIRICAL STUDY THAT MEASURE THE EFFECT OF ETHICS PRACTICES APPLICATION ON MAINTAINING RELATIONSHIPS WITH CUSTOMERS

Muhammad Alshurideh, B. H. Al Kurdi, AnuVij, Zaid Obiedat, Abdallah Naser
International Business Reserach
Year 2016, Volume: 9, Issue 9,
Pages: 78-90
Canadian Center of Science and Education

Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of ethics embedded practices on maintaining long-term relationships with customers. Based on an extensive literature review, four elements of marketing ethics, namely, honesty, autonomy, privacy and transparency were identified and examined by utilizing a sample of 360 participants. Adopting a quantitative approach, the study conducted on telecommunication sector subscribers revealed that the elements of marketing ethics affected an organization’s ability of maintaining long-term relationships with customers and had a strong influence on feedback, transparency and privacy. The results also showed the crucial role of generating feedback from customers for creating and maintaining long-term relationships. The results will enable marketers to not only analyze the importance of adopting ethical practices in their strategies but also the relative relevance of these practices as perceived by customers.

Keywords: marketing ethics, feedback, relationship marketing, honesty, autonomy, privacy and transparency

 

ADOPTION OF SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING- AN OVERVIEW OF UAE SERVICE FIRMS

AnuVij
International Journal of Business Administration and Management Research
Year 2017, Volume: 3, Issue 2
Pages: 23-28
Research Plus Journals

Abstract:

Advancement in information technology has impacted almost all the businesses and management functions and operations. In the contemporary times, businesses are integrating internet
based services in their business model and offerings made to customers. Service firms have been pampering customers with facilities readily available through social media websites. The trend points to the fact that firms are aware of the preferences that necessitate providing relevant information to their target market  through social media websites with stylish looks and a lot of imageries. This not only gives the customers a pleasing experience  but also entice them to purchase. This study explores various  marketing efforts made through social media by the services sector. Selected service organizations from hospitality and airlines sector in United Arab Emirates (UAE) are taken into consideration to conduct the study. The study also brings forth opinions of respondents on issues related to social media in the service sector. The research findings provide useful insights for practitioners, brand managers to understand how social media is affecting consumer behavior, enabling them to customize their social media strategies. The study is also helpful for the academicians and  students to further enhance their knowledge on this growing issue of topical interest.

Index Terms – Service Organizations, Social Media Marketing, Hospitality Sector, UAE

 

EMPIRICAL TESTING OF GREEN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MODEL IN UAE

BeenuMago
International Journal of Information Technology and Management Information Systems
Year 2016, Volume: 7, Issue 2
Pages: 18-26
International Association of Engineering and Management Education (IAEME)

Abstract:

Green Information Technology (GIT) is gaining utmost importance as organizations come under pressure to address environmental and economic sustainability. Although, It is a matter of great concern for business, government, researchers and academicians yet measures to determine the capability of organizations to Green their IT remains is still elusive. The ultimate intention of using or adopting GIT is to provide organizations a setup so that they can perform all their processes with zero or negligible effect on the nature’s domain. The researcher contend in this research is that there is an sincere requirement to consider the components that propel them to receive green IT as one viable reaction to the risk of a dangerous atmospheric deviation or global warming and other environmental change. A model called as Green IT Adoption Model (GITAM) was proposed by Molla. Researcher has tested the above model in context of UAE to identify the components that motivates the organization to adopt Green IT. The results of this study will help the organization to make sustainable strategies to implement GIT for their economic and environmental sustainability. In this regard, this study fills the gap between the principles of green information technology and sustainability of organizations

Key words: Green Information Technology, Green Computing, Sustainable development, Green IT Adoption Model, Green IT Adoption

 

A STUDY ON INVESTIGATING THE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CHEATING: VIOLATION OF ACADEMIC INTEGRITY IN UAE.

BeenuMago
Year 2016
International Conference on Academic Integrity

 

LINUX PLATFORM AS A SECURE DESKTOP SOLUTION

Mohammed A. Afifi,  Khawar Nehal
International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA)
Year 2017, Volume: 164, Issue 3
Pages: 9-11
Foundation of Computer Science

Abstract:

A lot of discussion goes into Enterprise Security, Network Security, and Computer Security. Initially, the most commonly used software are a combination of Operating systems, Desktop, and several standard applications like email clients, web browsers, word processing for document creating and editing. Now, the fact is that the listed common software combinations are the target of the most social engineered attacks, so selecting a secure combination for desktops shall go way far from these attacks into raising the security levels in many organizations. In this paper, we shall look at some of the configurations available in Linux platform that allows it to avoid and mitigate many of these common attacks which are considered to be the main cause of many security breaches.

 

THE EVOLUTION OF THE E-LEARNING PROCESS AND ITS FUTURE

Mohammed A. Afifi,  Khawar Nehal
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017, Volume: 1, Issue 2
Pages: 1-13
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract

Living alongside the dramatic changes and the rapid evolution of the life style that we are witnessing every day, with the significant growth of responsibilities on everyone, and with multitasking that has already replaced the simple work style; born are the necessities and the needs even more. Half a century or more ago, the conventional classroom learning was not enough to accommodate the needs of every day learners. With the availability and easy use of electronic media and Information Communication Technology (ICT), this became accessible to almost everyone with just a few fingertips away, with numerous amount of information flooding in where learners can greatly benefit from. This paper will look into the history and development of the different learning methodologies and see where are we heading, from the conventional classroom learning to E-learning; then from E-learning to M-learning and then, where to?

Key Terms Electronic / Multimedia / Technology-Enhanced

 

ANALYSIS OF MANET SECURITY ISSUES: VULNERABILITIES, ATTACKS, AND MEASURES

Mohammed A. Afifi
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017, Volume: 2, Issue 1
Pages: 71-78
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract

Wireless networks became very popular and spread everywhere around us, at home, office, mall, restaurant, and coffee shop etc. It illustrates the necessity and needs of one being connected and being online around the clock.  Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a wireless network that consists of wireless mobile nodes with no infrastructure as the participants’ nodes can simply join and leave the network on their own. There is no fixed set infrastructure and centralized administration in this type of networks.  The lack of infrastructure and the nature of the Mobile Ad hoc NETwork makes it very weak and vulnerable to various types of random attacks rather than planned and engineered attacks.  Since the participating nodes are not static nodes, and most probably they are not related to each other, and the only common interest among them is sharing the same network. Engineered attacks does not target random in the move victims where the attack will never be neither perfect nor effective for granted.  This paper addresses the importance of MANET security issues insight of security measures, needs, and attacks.

Keywords: MANET Security, Mobile Ad hoc Network, Network Security, Wireless Network Security.

 

SINGLE-LAYER AND DOUBLE-LAYER COATING USING META-MATERIAL FOR INCREASED TRANSMISSION FOR SOLAR CELL AND INDEPENDENT FROM THE INCIDENT ANGLE

Mohammad A Habli
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2016, Volume: 1, Issue 1
Pages: 69-77
ALDAR University College

Abstract:

Solar cells efficiency is one of the issues that solar system engineers usually try to enhance to maximize the power harvested from the solar system. One of the ways that tackles this issue is the use of anti-reflection coating on the solar cells to minimize the reflection and maximize the transmission of the sun light to the solar system. Light reflection and transmission dependence of many factors and one of them is the angle of incident of the light on the solar system. The angle of incident varies during the day; generally it varies between 0o and 90o. Therefore, the problem in hand is how to maximize transmission for the whole day, from sunrise to sunset. In this paper, the use of meta-materials as antireflection coating is investigated. Meta-materials are artificial materials engineered to provide properties which are not available in nature. Meta-materials have negative index of refraction. Single-layer and double-layer systems are designed by using meta-material as anti-reflection thin film coating for solar cell. The single-layer system gave up to 0.3% reflection and 99.7% transmission. The double layer system gave up to 0.1% reflection and 99.9% transmission. Both systems that are studied operate in the visible light range. The low reflection is observed over a full range of angle of incidents between 0o and 90o. The superiority of this system over the existing ones is that using the existing antireflection system leads to the low reflectance is achieved at certain angle of incident only. However, the use of meta-material gave extraordinary result that low reflectance is independent of the angle of incident.

Key terms: Solar Cells, High Transmission, Single-Layer and Double-Layer Coating, meta-material

 

LEADERS ARE BORN OR MADE

Om Prakash Bohra
Year 2016
Al Leem Business Congress-8th Annual Leadership Congress Week Management

 

MULTI-MEDIA: THE IMPORTANCE AND REASONS OF USE IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Khalid Ibrahim Abdelaziz Ishaq
El-Hikma for Media & Communication Studies
Year 2017

 

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS: A STUDY IN THE STATE OF UPINDIA

Meraj Naem, Fareeda Khan
Research Journal of Commerce & Behavioral Science-RJCBS
Year 2017/7, Volume: 6, Issue 9
Pages: 1-16
The International Journal Research Publication’s

Abstract:

The entrepreneurial model is no doubt a successful model towards economic and social development however, the huge gap between the gender participation i.e. Male and Female, remains a challenge to the emerging economies.
The primary data for the article is based on the sample size of 100 Business firms in a state of India and supplemented by secondary data sources. It concludes with the findings about the challenges and opportunities for the women entrepreneurs and the reasons of wide gender gap in participation.

KEYWORDS: Gender discrimination, Women entrepreneur, Globalization, Social barriers and Economic development.

 

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM: MIRROR, MIRROR EVERYWHERE BUT NOT AN IMAGE TO BELIEVE

Meraj, Rizwan, Dennis, Tripathi
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017/11, Volume: 2, Issue 1
Pages: 28-33
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract

Sustainability and tourism seems to be antonyms wedded by the ‘business priests’ to gain selfish motives. Sustainability and sustainable development has  stayed with tourism for more than three decades and assumption is that ‘small is better’ (McCool 2013).  Initially sustainable tourism was aligned with natural environments but then it was realized that economic strategies are also governed by sustainability.  The worry about the earth could be related to McHarg’s masterpiece Design With Nature (1967) where he expressed his concerns over the black bruises on the green apple of the earth. This concern should have evoked the genuine concerns about the sustainability issues but it seemed to be a howl of the publicity seeking supporters. The definitions of sustainability created a new issue of being vague. These definitions just directed the public’s attention to the increasing shortage of natural resources. The current research discussion keeping the above mentioned tone discusses the futility of sustainable development in general and sustainable tourism development in particular.

 

SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: AN EFFECTIVE MODE OF PROMOTING PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN MIDDLE EAST.

Meraj Naem
Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship Research
Year 2014, Volume: 3, Issue 2
Pages: 10-28
Lebanon International Foundation

Abstract:

The Study is composed of three major sections. Firstly it explores the new  dimensions of Social Entrepreneurship propounded in the form of the theory by the writers  and taken up practically in various instances by the Organizations as well as the Individuals.
The second part of the study is the discussion over the role of government in institutionalizing the Social Entrepreneurship process through Public Private Partnership model and bringing it into some legal and regulatory domain to streamline the process. The study concludes with the finding and suggestions regarding the current status and scope of Social Entrepreneurship in UAE. In the suggestions, a model has been proposed which is an effort to streamline and utilize the resources for fostering Social Entrepreneurship through Public Private Partnership in the region. The work is based on empirical observations.

 

CONTINUOUS HEALTH MONITORING USING SMARTPHONES – A CASE-STUDY FOR MONITORING DIABETIC PATIENTS IN UAE’

Sujni Paul
12th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology (IIT) co sponsored by IEEE
Year 2016

 

AN APPROACH TO CONNECT CIVILIANS IN WAR PRONE AREAS

Sujni Paul
12th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology (IIT) co sponsored by IEEE
Year 2016

 

PROGRAMMERS LIFE MADE EASY THROUGH SMART SOUCE CODE GENERATOR.

C Beuulah C Latha, S Paul
International Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research,
Year 2017, Volume: 5, Issue 4
Pages: 83-94

Abstract:

Abstract Smart Source Code Generator is an application that allows the user to generate code for C language. In this paper we implement a tool that generates source code for C language automatically. It is specially introduced to make work simple for the developers or learners. It can only be used by the developer or learner to generate a code. The userof this application need not remember the syntax for developing the program, rather the user can concentrate only on the logic for solving the problem.

 

ENHANCING PROGRAMMING LOGIC AND ALGORITHMIC UNDERSTANDABILITY FOR STUDENTS VISUALLY USING RAPTOR

Sujni Paul, Beulah ChristalinLatha
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017, Volume: 2, Issue 1
Pages: 34-43
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract:

This research paper helps in predicting diabetes using a data mining technique classification by building a model. In medical diagnosis knowledge discovery is a very crucial part. Diabetes mellitus is a very extensively growing chronic disease and this is being a great challenge worldwide. Today it is common to different age groups ranging from children to adults. With diabetes patients, doubling every year especially in the UAE and India there is a need to curb this epidemic and help those who are affected by this disease so that they can live a peaceful life. Continuous monitoring of health indicators ensures prompt medical attention and reduction in fatalities. The primary challenge to continuously monitor diabetes is that glucose level measurement requires invasive methods. Data mining is growing in relevance to solving such real world disease problems through its tools. This paper proposes to use the UCI repository Pima Diabetes dataset and generates a classification model in order to predict diabetes using recursive partitioning algorithm. The results indicate that the efficiency of the algorithm can be improved by selection of appropriate features and the appropriate training set for the model.

 

JOB ANALYSIS: CASE STUDY OF A MULTINATIONAL FIRM

Sunitha Kshatriya
International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering 
Year 2016, Volume: 6, Issue 7
Pages: 204-230
International Journals of Multidisciplinary Research Academy

Abstract:

This primary Job Analysis was developed for a Private multinational company in Canada with global operations in UK, USA, EUROPE, AUSTRALIA and the MIDDLE EAST. It is aimed at developing an effective Recruitment and Selection system based on an accurate, detailed, thorough and thoughtful job analysis for a ‘requisite’ position that of a customer care representative. Author has followed a Functional Job Analysis methodology based on a Canadian Standards approved Job Fact sheet, Job Analysis Questionnaire, and a Task Statements’ sheet using which job duties, job statements and job specifications were identified. Key Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Other Attributes from the task inventory and task statements were derived. The Job Analysis not only assures Managers that valid selection instruments can be developed based on Job Analysis, but also showed them how systematic selection decisions can be made based on Job Analysis approaches adopted in this research.

 

LINKAGE OF JOB ANALYSIS AND RECRUITMENT: A CASE STUDY

Sunitha Kshatriya
International Conference on Management and Information Systems (ICMIS), Bangkok. Thaiand.

 

LINKAGE OF JOB ANALYSIS TO PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY

Sunitha Kshatriya
International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering 
Year 2016, Volume: 6, Issue 9
Pages: 202-222
International Journals of Multidisciplinary Research Academy

Abstract:

This paper is aimed at developing a valid performance management tool based on an accurate, detailed, thorough and thoughtful functional job analysis methodology set on North American human resources standards’ approved job fact sheet, job analysis questionnaire, task statements’ sheet, job duties, job statements and job specifications that were identified. Based on which, key knowledge, skills, abilities and other attributes (KSAO’s) from the task inventory and task statements were subsequently derived. A performance management tool based on an absolute rating systemusing graphic rating scales was designed along with definition of job performance dimensions for a ‘requisite’ customer care representative position based on the KSAO’s derived. The job analysis carried out not only assures managers that a valid performance management instrument can be developed based on a job analysis, but also demonstrates to HR Managers how systematic human resource decisions can be based on approaches adopted in this research.

 

JOB ANALYSIS AND ITS IMPACT ON KEY RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION PROCESSES

Sunitha Kshatriya
2nd International Conference on Organization and Management  (ICOM), Abu Dhabi, UAE

 

JOB ANALYSIS AND ITS IMPACT ON KEY RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION PROCESSES: A CASE STUDY

Sunitha Kshatriya
ALDAR Research Journal of Sustainability 
Year 2016, Volume: 1, Issue 1
Pages: 46-68
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract:

Following a Functional Job Analysis methodology in which job duties and job specifications were initially identified, key Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Other Attributes (KSAO’s) were extracted from critical statements using task statements and task inventory for a Canadian National Occupational job classification requisite position. The KSAO’s were further differentiated on the basis of Tasks, Context and Counter-productive behavioral components. A Performance Appraisal tool was developed based on an Absolute Rating System using Graphical Rating Scales aligned to the Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Other Attributes derived from job analysis. Job Performance Dimensions were explained for each of the task, contextual and counter-productive behaviors in terms of what each dimension meant in the context of the job; with a definition given for each job dimension including verbal anchors attached to a numerical scale with appropriate instructions for making a response. The recruitment action plan developed was then based on the Organizational and KSAO’s derived from the Job Analysis using a structured questionnaire. Findings show that an effective direct linkage can be established between Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Other Attributes derived as a result of job analysis and a performance management system and with a Recruitment Action Plan, causing a critical alignment leading to effective selection and recruitment decisions, promotion and performance decision as well as many other important Human Resource related decision based on objective job related criteria. The processes adopted in this research illustrate to Managers how an effective Recruitment system along with valid selection instruments can be developed based on an objective and a legally defensible job analysis demonstrating how systematic selection decisions can be made, including a better aligned performance management tool and a recruitment action plan based on approaches adopted in this research.

 

A CASE STUDY OF JOB ANALYSIS AND ITS POSITIVE IMPACT ON BEHAVIORAL STRUCTURED INTERVIEW

Sunitha Kshatriya
International Journal of Research in Social Sciences
Year 2017, Volume: 7, Issue 3
Pages: 643-667
International Journals of Multidisciplinary Research Academy 

Abstract:

Following a Functional Job Analysis methodology in which job duties and job specifications were initially identified, key Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Other Attributes (KSAO’s) were extracted from critical statements using task statements and task inventory for a Canadian National Occupational job classification requisite position. The KSAO’s were further differentiated on the basis of Tasks, Context and Counter-productive behavioral components. A Performance Appraisal tool was developed based on an Absolute Rating System using Graphical Rating Scales aligned to the Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Other Attributes derived from job analysis. For testing and screening of candidates, a Behavioral Description Interview tool was developed based on the behavioral structured interview tool developed on the basis of the job analysis. This was a Structured Interviewthat consisted of a standardized set of job-related questions based on KSAO’s identified, complete with Probes and a scoring guide. This case study research studies the alignment between Job Analysis conducted and the KSAO’s derived used on a PM tool that are aligned with the Behavioral Interview Questionnaire developed for a Customer Care position for a multinational company

 

A CASE STUDY OF JOB ANALYSIS AND ITS POSITIVE IMPACT ON BEHAVIOURAL STRUCTURED INTERVIEW

Sunitha Kshatriya
5th Global Conference on Business and Social Sciences (GCBSS), Kualalumpur, Malaysia

 

BUILDING A CASE OF DIVERSE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN HIGHER EDUCATION BETWEEN FINLAND AND DUBAI TO FACILITATE SUSTAINABLE 21ST CENTURY LEARNING AND BETTER ENGAGEMENT OF EMIRATI STUDENTS

Sunitha Kshatriya
ALDAR Research Journal of Sustainability 
Year 2017, Volume: 1, Issue 2
Pages: 1-13
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE.

Abstract:

The article makes a comparison of learning models being implemented at ALDAR University College, Dubai and Laurea University, Finland while trying to synthesize post-secondary education’s (PSE’s) functions and their role in enabling student success; against a backdrop of PSE’s social and economic impact on 21st century learning skills around the world. This article explores different elements required for student success such as teaching, learning models and education technologies within the UAE, Finland and around the globe focused at 21st century. This article also attempts to derive a common language around concepts such as PSE’s and 21st Century Learning Skills that are understood using different terminologies in these countries. The article also sets some action plans for further development as future goals of learning development, research, and policy/advocacy recommending to draw a future map on how the education in the Emirates should be built by benchmarking best practices from around the world.

 

A CASE STUDY OF EMPOWERMENT: LINKING ADULT TRAINING TO EMPLOYMENT THROUGH INNOVATIVE LEARNING APPROACHES

Sunitha Kshatriya
MENA Higher Education Leadership Conference (MENA-HELF), Dubai, UAE.

Abstract:

The aim of this 10-workshop based case study project paper is toprepare a customized personal development plan, an action plan including; short-term, mid-term and long-term goals for 3 women learners from diverse backgrounds, on a ‘Status of Women Canada’ funded project titled: ‘Empowerment’. The case study is focussed on aligning learners to their professions either through self-employment or through employment within the government, non-profit or the private sectors.The learners’ comprehension-level learning objectives and their application-level learning objectives were facilitated. Data was analyzed using SWOT, Needs and Functional Job Analysis. Principles of Adult Training, Needs Analysis, Presentation / Facilitation and Evaluation formed the competencies’ framework for carrying out the assessment. Based on initial needs analysis conducted, learners were assessed. The case study project proceeded as per standards laid out by the Ontario Institute of Studies in Education of University of Toronto’s training guidelines. This case study project led to all 3 women gaining meaningful employment in their field of education and training within 6 months of the project’s initiation and stands as a testament to the highly successful innovative techniques that were employed, which enabled all 3 learners employability, contributing to the project’s 100% success. This paper is a reflection on the problems identified, the context within which this occurred, the purpose of the project, the project information related to it, the methodology used and findings

 

SELF ACTUALIZATION A PERCEPTION STUDY

Sunitha Kshatriya
Omni Scriptum Publishers
ISBN 978 3 330 966 41 3, 1st, ed,
Sub: HRM Pages: 288

Abstract:

What made Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Rabindranath Tagore, Helen Keller, Leo Tolstoy, Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein heroes of their field and our world? What enabled these individuals forge new paths following none others’ but their own, led by an inner fire raging firmly towards their intrinsic goals? It can be said these individuals achieved their ‘full potential’ or, what Abraham Maslow a social scientist in 1943 termed in his research paper ‘Theory of Human Motivation’ as ‘self-actualization.’ How does one arrive on the path of self-actualization? Can it be taught to an individual? To become more and more of one’s own inner self and to realize one’s potential? These are some of the questions and many more which the book attempts to answer.A research study was carried out to understand the extent to which ‘self-actualization’ was given importance particularly in multinational corporations (MNC’s) as stated in Maslow’s Theory. Since MNC’s are characterized by their global experiences having realized the immense value empowered individuals have on organizational progress, adopting largely human centric policies and programs.

 

EMPOWERMENT

Sunitha Kshatriya
Omni Scriptum Publishers
ISBN 978 3330 976 511, 1st, ed,
Sub: Training & Development Pages: 269

Abstract:

How do we address the issue of unemployment of adult learners irrespective of age, to align their skills in their field of expertise within a new cultural environment? How do we evaluate current skill sets of adult learners, conduct needs analysis and ascertain their training gaps? These are some of the questions this book attempts to answer through its step-by-step process of adult learning. Based on research the book incorporates competencies of adult training, needs analysis, instructional design, presentation and facilitation. This book demonstrates that by preparing a customized personal development plan, an action-plan document, short-term, mid-term and long-term goals for each learner, helps focus and realign their current strengths and skill sets strategically to the job within their key areas of expertise within no time. Thus clearing a path to achieving both comprehension and application level learning objectives for all stakeholders involved – the learners themselves, the author and the reader included – triggering each individual on the path towards his / her Empowerment.

 

SELECTION SYSTEM WITH JOB ANALYSIS

Sunitha Kshatriya
Saarbrücken, Germany: Scholars Press
ISBN 978-620-2-30002-5, 1st, ed,
Sub: Recruitment & Selection Pages: 164

Abstract:

A Selection System with Job Analysis is based on major areas of Recruitment related to Job Analysis such as Performance Appraisal, Recruitment, Screening, Testing, Interviewing and Decision Making. Each segment in the book is interconnected with Job Analysis and is aimed at developing a Recruitment & Selection system for a ‘requisite’ position within a private Canadian organisation. The book is begins with on an accurate, detailed, thorough and thoughtful job analysis backed up by years of research data in these areas, and the rest of the project flows from this. A Selection System with Job Analysis is based on 8 main areas of Recruitment and Selection that are related to: Job Position, Job Analysis, Performance Appraisal, Recruitment, Screening, Testing, Interviewing and Decision Making. This is aimed at developing a Recruitment & Selection system for a ‘requisite’ position within a private Multinational organisation based in Canada. Each segment in the book is interconnected with practice that is based on an accurate, detailed, thorough and thoughtful Function Job Analysis technique, backed up by years of research in each of these areas, and rest of the project flows from this.

 

EXPERIENCE WITH ACOUSTIC SENSORS IN PARTIAL DISCHARGE DETECTION

Yomna Shaker
IEEE conference on High Voltage Engineering and applications, Chengdu, China, 2016.

 

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE PARTIAL DISCHARGE ACOUSTIC MODELLING

Yomna Shaker
Conference on Electrical insulation and dielectric Phenomena, Toronto, Canda,2016

 

EMIRATI PREFERENCES AMONG MATERIAL AND NON-MATERIAL INCENTIVES IN THE WORK PLAC

Hassan Younies, BelalBarhem, Swapna Gantasala, Tareq Al-Tawil
Emerging Economy Studies
Year 2017, Volume: 3, Issue 1
Pages: 86-97
Sage Journals

Abstract:

The working population of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in the private sector is characterized by a majority of expatriates and comparatively few UAE nationals. The UAE government encourages firms to hire Emirati nationals in the private sector through various incentives and policies. This article investigates UAE nationals’ preferences for material and non-material incentives in the workplace. The study is based on questionnaires distributed to Emirati nationals in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The findings of the research are expected to provide policymakers with insights into Emiratis’ preferred work incentives. In addition, it will, it is hoped, aid in developing appropriate nationalization policies for the UAE in general and UAE private organizations in particular.

 

HOW TO SUSTAIN PRIVATE BUSINESS SCHOOLS IN UAE

Belal Barhem
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017, Volume: 2, Issue 1
Pages: 10-20
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract:

The history of private higher education in UAE is relatively short where the first private university was established in (Ajman University was founded in 1988 as Ajman University College of Science and Technology). The private business schools in UAE facing strong challenge to sustain operations and growth lately. The number of new enrollment relatively decreased as shown in SHED reports. The Deans of Business schools realized the problems every new semester and working hard to understand the case and detect the reasons to manage it. This study aims to define the factors which cause the problem and suggest solutions to help the deans manage the problem effectively and efficiently.

Key Terms: Private Higher Education, University, Business Schools, UAE.

 

LINUX PLATFORM AS A SECURE DESKTOP SOLUTION

Mohammed A. Afifi,  Khawar Nehal
International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA)
Year 2017, Volume: 164, Issue 3
Pages: 9-11
Foundation of Computer Science

Abstract:

A lot of discussion goes into Enterprise Security, Network Security, and Computer Security. Initially, the most commonly used software are a combination of Operating systems, Desktop, and several standard applications like email clients, web browsers, word processing for document creating and editing. Now, the fact is that the listed common software combinations are the target of the most social engineered attacks, so selecting a secure combination for desktops shall go way far from these attacks into raising the security levels in many organizations. In this paper, we shall look at some of the configurations available in Linux platform that allows it to avoid and mitigate many of these common attacks which are considered to be the main cause of many security breaches.

 

THE EVOLUTION OF THE E-LEARNING PROCESS AND ITS FUTURE

Mohammed A. Afifi,  Khawar Nehal
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017, Volume: 1, Issue 2
Pages: 1-13
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract

Living alongside the dramatic changes and the rapid evolution of the life style that we are witnessing every day, with the significant growth of responsibilities on everyone, and with multitasking that has already replaced the simple work style; born are the necessities and the needs even more. Half a century or more ago, the conventional classroom learning was not enough to accommodate the needs of every day learners. With the availability and easy use of electronic media and Information Communication Technology (ICT), this became accessible to almost everyone with just a few fingertips away, with numerous amount of information flooding in where learners can greatly benefit from. This paper will look into the history and development of the different learning methodologies and see where are we heading, from the conventional classroom learning to E-learning; then from E-learning to M-learning and then, where to?

Key Terms Electronic / Multimedia / Technology-Enhanced

 

ANALYSIS OF MANET SECURITY ISSUES: VULNERABILITIES, ATTACKS, AND MEASURES

Mohammed A. Afifi
ALDAR Research Journal for Sustainability
Year 2017, Volume: 2, Issue 1
Pages: 71-78
ALDAR University College, Dubai, UAE

Abstract

Wireless networks became very popular and spread everywhere around us, at home, office, mall, restaurant, and coffee shop etc. It illustrates the necessity and needs of one being connected and being online around the clock.  Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a wireless network that consists of wireless mobile nodes with no infrastructure as the participants’ nodes can simply join and leave the network on their own. There is no fixed set infrastructure and centralized administration in this type of networks.  The lack of infrastructure and the nature of the Mobile Ad hoc NETwork makes it very weak and vulnerable to various types of random attacks rather than planned and engineered attacks.  Since the participating nodes are not static nodes, and most probably they are not related to each other, and the only common interest among them is sharing the same network. Engineered attacks does not target random in the move victims where the attack will never be neither perfect nor effective for granted.  This paper addresses the importance of MANET security issues insight of security measures, needs, and attacks.

Keywords: MANET Security, Mobile Ad hoc Network, Network Security, Wireless Network Security.